In her Commencement remarks, President Drew Faust celebrated the year’s achievements, which included expanded public service, blossoming arts programs, broadened community outreach, and myriad academic accomplishments. Here, she discusses the year that was, with, as backdrop, a photo diary of life at Harvard, which bookends students arriving with pillows and graduating with hugs.
A Harvard University study built around an innovative economic game indicates that, at least for our younger selves, the desire for equity often trumps the urge to maximize rewards.“We were able to show that 8-year-olds have a general sense of fairness and are willing to make large sacrifices to enforce it with other children,” said Peter Blake, a postdoctoral researcher at Harvard’s Program for Evolutionary Dynamics who co-authored the study with Katherine McAuliffe, a doctoral student at the University’s Department of Human Evolutionary Biology. “Children younger than 8 are more self-interested, yet they’re still willing to deny themselves rewards in order to prevent a transaction that’s unfair to them.”The study, which was conducted under the auspices of Harvard’s Laboratory for Developmental Studies and appears in the August 2011 issue of the journal Cognition, explores a fundamental principle of economics, namely that humans do all they can — within the bounds of utility and constraints on resources — to maximize the satisfaction they get from consumption. According to this line of thinking, equity is more or less irrelevant to economic decision-making. People make choices based on whether a given transaction will leave them better off than they were before, not whether it will leave them as well off as their neighbor, or even the party with which they do business.To test these assumptions — and to explore the development of economic decision-making among children — Blake and McAuliffe created the Inequity Game, an activity that allows children to accept or reject an unequal offer, both when it is advantageous to them and when it is not.As parents and others looked on, researchers paired each participant with an unfamiliar peer — one designated the “decider,” one the “recipient” — and seated the children face to face at an apparatus created especially for the game. An adult then allocated candy on trays designated for each child.“One kid was in charge of the toy,” said Blake. “He or she got to make decisions by pulling one of two handles in front of them. The other guy was just a passive recipient. If one kid got more than the other, the decider could pull the green handle and accept that outcome, or he could pull the red handle, the candy goes in the middle, and no one gets those.”Some pairs were tested in a condition that Blake and McAuliffe called “advantageous inequity” (decider gets 4 pieces of candy; recipient gets one); some in “disadvantageous inequity” (decider gets one piece of candy; recipient gets four). Deciders in each condition also got offers of an equal outcome: one piece of candy for each participant.“The game allows us to look at how one individual reacts to inequity when they are responsible for their own payoffs, as well as someone else’s,” McAuliffe explained. “The main question we were asking was, ‘Would children reject candy to prevent an unfair allocation of resources?’ The design has been very successful because kids enjoy learning about the apparatus and pulling the handles — not to mention the fact that they are motivated by the Skittles!”Blake and McAuliffe were satisfied, but not surprised, by the results for children ages 4 to 7. The deciders in these groups generally accepted equal offers, as well as offers in their favor. They usually rejected unequal offers, although Blake said that children hesitated before pulling the red handle and sending all the candy — including the piece allotted to the decider — into the neutral bowl.“They hesitate to reject an offer, even if they’re not coming out on top,” he said. “It’s hard for them to give up that one piece of candy, yet they’re willing to do it, whereas when they get more, there’s no problem. It’s very easy to make that decision.”McAuliffe said the behavior of the younger children in the study conflicts with the economist’s notion of rational behavior.“Even a 4-year-old child is willing to pay a cost to prevent a peer from getting more candy, when, in theory, they should accept any nonzero offer,” she said. “On the other hand, if we look at the behavior from the perspective of evolutionary biology and think of individuals in a competitive setting, it may not be irrational to prevent a relative disadvantage, even if it does mean sacrificing personal gain.”The most surprising behavior occurred among the eight-year-olds in the study. The deciders in this age group continued to accept equal offers and reject unequal offers that were disadvantageous, just as their younger counterparts had done. But 8-year-olds also rejected allocations that were unequal, even when they benefited from the disparities.“We weren’t expecting to see 8-year-olds willing to sacrifice so much candy to prevent a peer from getting less than them,” said McAuliffe. “In some cases, children were giving up 24 candies in a given session. It shows that fairness or inequity aversion is an important factor in determining how these children behave. Relative rewards do matter.”In the years ahead, the researchers hope to clarify the motivations behind the behavior they observed in the children. It could be that the participants in the study made their decisions based on internalized norms of fairness. It’s also possible, however, that the children were concerned not with enforcing equity, but with preserving their reputations.“They could be considering the audience around them and saying, ‘I don’t want to look like I’m being selfish by accepting all this candy. I know that I’ll reap future benefits by rejecting now,’” said Blake. “An awareness of reputation could be emerging. And that’s the next big step to test.”
Converged infrastructure (CI) drives complexity out of IT and transforms daily business operations so organizations can focus on what sets them apart. I hear these points from Dell Technologies customers all the time—like a mantra!As the VMworld 2020 online event begins, I’m reminded how VMware innovations (including vSphere virtualization) have always been at the heart of that amazing Dell Technologies CI value proposition. We focus on delivering perpetual value by continually building in the latest and best VMware technologies through our CI engineering best practices.One example is Dell EMC VxBlock Central—software that provides system-level awareness, automation and analytics. We’ve integrated it with VMware vRealize Suite to support and facilitate the VMware-based cloud operating model for VxBlock customers. A new VxBlock Central cloud dashboard extends that value by providing a lifecycle management view with key milestones for all system components across the stack (VMware and more), making upgrade decisions easier.Mission-critical private and hybrid cloud will become easier than ever with the release of expanded VMware technology options for VxBlock 1000:VMware NSX-T 3.0 Data Center, upgradable from 2.5 – available nowVMware vSphere 7.0, upgradable from 6.7 and 6.5 – planned availability Q4 2020A new VMware vSAN-based model of the VxBlock management domain, also known as the Advanced Management Platform – planned availability Q4 2020We’ve developed and tailored this solution to take advantage of the strengths of proven three-tiered infrastructure. It enables customers to:Deploy a strong, prescriptive network virtualization and security foundationMore easily develop a mix of traditional and cloud-native applications for the same infrastructureDerive more value from their Fibre Channel (FC) storage arrays (i.e. for workload domains)Scale the benefits to diverse end points (multiple systems and sites) with required high availability and reliability via the vSAN-based management domainTake advantage of flexibility to deploy VMware Cloud Foundation (VCF) on the same infrastructure in the futureI invite you to learn more about the solution in the related on-demand technical session [VCNC1766] presented by Dell Technologies VxBlock 1000 Product Manager Martin Hayes for VMworld 2020.Learn more about the perpetual value of VMware in Dell Technologies converged infrastructure.
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She noted that the initial wave of job losses were “heavily concentrated among the most financially vulnerable,” including low-wage workers and minority groups.As businesses were forced to close in the early days of the pandemic and travel was shut down, tens of millions of jobs were lost. Major companies such as the US-based airlines have announced thousands of additional job cuts and layoffs in October, unless government aid set to expire then is renewed.Economists say unemployment, which was 10.2 percent in August, could spike even further when the Payroll Protection Program, which provided loans to businesses to retain workers, expires.Bowman said that “with the progress of the recovery still tentative, I expect that many businesses will continue to fight for survival in the months ahead” and that “a full recovery in economic activity may well be slow and uneven.”The White House and Congress remain deadlocked on the design of a new emergency spending program that would support state and local governments and reinstate expanded unemployment benefits that have provided a lifeline for jobless workers.Even so, Bowman remained optimistic, saying in her speech the country’s economic fundamentals remain strong and “we have the solid foundation of the entrepreneurial spirit and resiliency of the American people.”Topics : The United States’s recovery from the coronavirus economic downturn is “highly uncertain” and many businesses will continue to struggle, a top Federal Reserve official said Wednesday.Emergency programs rolled out by the government and Fed helped cushion the blow from the COVID-19 business shutdowns, but “the economy is still far from back to normal,” central bank governor Michelle Bowman said.”The future course and timing of the recovery is still highly uncertain, and its pace and intensity are likely to vary across areas of the country,” Bowman said in a speech to Kansas bankers.
Experts, however, have expressed doubts about the effectiveness of a curfew in slowing down COVID-19 transmission, saying that people could also contract the disease during the daytime as the public continued to neglect health protocols.“The most important thing is that people wear masks, maintain a physical distance and wash their hands regularly,” said Syahrizal Syarif, an epidemiologist from the University of Indonesia. He further advised local authorities to do more in promoting health protocols and begin imposing heavier sanctions against those found violating the rules.West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil previously revealed that nearly 70 percent of COVID-19 cases in the province had come from Jakarta’s satellite areas of Bogor, Depok and Bekasi, often referred to Bodebek.Ridwan, therefore, decided to open an office in Depok to “focus on handling those areas”. The governor, who used to spend most of his time in the provincial capital of Bandung, will be in Bodebek once or twice a week starting from October. (Vny)Topics : He revealed that the city had recorded more than 3,300 positive cases so far, with at least 111 fatalities, tempo.co reported.Neighboring Bogor and Depok in West Java have enforced a similar policy in hopes of curbing the rapid transmission rate.Read also: COVID-19: Health of 25 million toddlers at risk as Posyandu disrupted by pandemicBoth cities started implementing curfews in late August, requiring businesses to stop operation at 6 p.m. and prohibiting outdoor activities after 8 p.m. Bekasi in West Java will impose a curfew starting on Friday to limit people’s movements amid a spike in COVID-19 cases.The city administration has issued a decree ordering public spaces like shopping centers, restaurants and other entertainment facilities such as pubs and karaoke bars to close at 6 p.m., Bekasi Mayor Rahmat Effendi said in the decree issued on Tuesday.“We decided to implement a curfew after seeing a spike in COVID-19 cases in both the national and regional levels.”
“We are going to monitor their operations and how they run the health protocols,” he added. CGV Cinemas public relations manager Hariman Chalid confirmed the news to The Jakarta Post on Friday, saying that the cinema chains had resumed operation in six shopping malls in Bandung, namely Paris van Java, Miko Mall, BEC, Paskal Shopping Center, Metro Indah Mall and Kings Shopping Center. Read also: Jakarta postpones reopening of movie theaters indefinitelyCGV Cinemas are currently showing zombie film Train to Busan 2: Peninsula. The movie theater opens at 12 p.m. and closes when the shopping center does. To curb the spread of COVID-19, CGV Cinemas are following recommended health and safety protocols.All visitors and staff are required to wear face masks while visiting the cinemas. The cinema chain will allow its occupancy to be no more than 50 percent of its typical capacity and has installed hand sanitizer stations for visitors. CGV Cinemas recommend visitors book seats online and use cashless payment methods to purchase movie tickets. Indonesia’s largest cinema chain, Cinema XXI, has yet to resume operations in Bandung. “Before resuming operations, Cinema XXI continues to carry out maintenance and cleaning activities,” said the company’s head of corporate communications and brand management, Dewinta Hutagaol, in a statement. Cinema chains Cinema XXI and CGV have suspended operations across the country since April to help contain the coronavirus outbreak. In Jakarta, the city administration and cinema owners considered reopening movie theaters on July 29. But as the pandemic showed no signs of slowing down, the reopening was postponed indefinitely.Indonesian Cinema Association (GPBSI) head Djonny Syafruddin said in July that Cinema XXI, CGV Cinemas and Cinepolis – cinema chains affiliated with the association – would comply with the government’s decision. (jes) South Korean cinema chain CGV is the only movie theater company that has resumed operations. Edward said that other cinema owners had found it difficult to find movies during pandemic. Therefore, despite the new regulation, they did not have any films to screen. Edward also reminded cinema owners to comply with the “3M” health protocols: mask wearing, hand washing and social distancing. Some movie theaters in Bandung, West Java, have reopened for business as of Friday. Edward Parlindungan, head of the Bandung Tourism Agency, said that the reopening was based on Mayoral Regulation No. 46/2020 on COVID-19 handling protocols. “Based on Mayoral Regulation No. 46/2020, movie theaters are now allowed to operate, starting today. The circular regarding that matter has been released and [cinema owners] have received it,” said Edward on Friday, as reported by kompas.com. Editor’s note: This article is part of a public campaign by the COVID-19 task force to raise people’s awareness about the pandemic.Topics : #mothermessage #keepyourdistance #socialdistance #usesoap #washyourhand #wearmask #avoidcrowd
Stuff co.nz 21 March 2016Outrage over “highly offensive” slogans printed on the back of Wicked Campers campervans has reached Timaru.The slogans have courted controversy in recent years over their perceived references to sexual violence and drug use.The Timaru District Council confirmed on Monday that it had received a complaint about a slogan, spotted on the back of a campervan parked in Timaru in early March, that was deemed “abhorrent” and “offensive” by a Timaru resident.Family First national director Bob McCoskrie said the organisation had written to the Timaru District Council following the complaint.The slogan read ‘A wet dream is just a hand job from God’.In the complaint, which was emailed to Family First, the woman says the slogan was “blatantly abhorrent” to Christians and Muslims alike.“I am a committed Christian and am very upset,” her email says.“I almost went and bought a can of spray paint but then common sense reminds me that I’d be breaking the law.”McCoskrie then emailed the Timaru District Council to make a formal complaint about the “highly offensive” signage.“We would argue that the council has control over the design and content of signage around Timaru, including on vehicles such as Wicked Campers,” he says in the email.Council chief executive Peter Nixon confirmed the council had received one complaint.“We are investigating how other councils are dealing with the matter as sign-writing on vehicles is not a “sign” in a bylaw or consent way.“As the problem, and solution, is a NZ-wide matter it may well be that the Government will need to address the concern.”READ MORE: http://www.stuff.co.nz/timaru-herald/news/78115892/council-receives-complaint-over-offensive-campervan-slogan-in-timaru
Joana G. Ramirez CastroIndianapolis, In. — Multiple law enforcement agencies are investigating a major drug operation uncovered in central Indiana following the recovery of over 50 pounds of methamphetamine in Indianapolis earlier this week.The discovery led Indiana State Police to Columbus and two arrests after narcotics investigators located additional drugs inside a home near Taylorsville.Detectives learned that the methamphetamine recovered in Indianapolis, which had a street value of nearly $1,000,000.00 was being prepared for delivery to Columbus and Bartholomew County.On Tuesday afternoon, officers from the Columbus Police Department and Bartholomew County Sheriff’s Department assisted JNET detectives at a residence in the 9900 block of Daniel Drive East. Officers recovered methamphetamine and cocaine and arrested two people who were at the home.Laura Edith Rodriguez-de La PazLaura Edith Rodriguez-de La Paz, 41, of Columbus was arrested for dealing in methamphetamine, possession of methamphetamine, maintaining a common nuisance, and possession of drug paraphernalia. Joana G. Ramirez Castro, 33, of Columbus was arrested for visiting a common nuisance.The Indiana State Police, Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), US Department of Homeland Security, US Postal Service, Bartholomew County Joint Narcotics Enforcement Team, Columbus Police Department Intelligence Led Policing Unit, Bartholomew County Sherrif’s Department participated in the investigation.
Our Sports ReporterGUWAHATI, June 25: Assam sprinter Hima Das today said that she would try her best to make a good performance in the forthcoming Inter State Senior Athletics championship.It will be the first occasion when Hima will compete in a major athletics competition in her home soil. Talking to the media person here today the athlete said, “I am working hard to improve my performance in the international circuit. I have just returned from Poland where we went for month long training and later also took part in a couple of competitions. I am feeling good. I am fully prepared for Inter State Athletics competition.”Today also Hima extended support to her coach Nipon Das against whom an allegation of molestation was leveled by an athlete recently. “I know Nipon sir very well. He can’t do any such act. I’ve already requested sir to file a defamation suit against the person who leveled such an allegation against him.”Meanwhile, the Assam Athletics’ Association embroiled itself into an unnecessary controversy as the association has failed to release officially the names of Assam contingent for the Inter State Competition till today. When the point was raised to the officials of the association this morning they said that the names will be released by this evening. The names, however, haven’t been released as yet. It is first such incident – not naming the squad on the State – in an event hosted by the State.