Tony Becca: The Australian inspiration

first_img Everybody was playing, young and old. They played in the backyard and in the front yard. They were seen on television enjoying the Test matches, and by playing everywhere and anywhere, and by playing every day and everywhere, the young players were in a position to replace the stars whenever their time came to step aside. They had the numbers. That was how it was in those days. While it is basically the same in the other countries, it is no longer so in the West Indies, and certainly not so in Jamaica where a cricket match, almost any cricket match, is like a ghost town. Today, the team, the West Indies team, still wins a few matches, but they are few and far between, and mostly against teams as low as Bangladesh and Zimbabwe. And they are gradually catching up with the West Indies. Their performers are few and far between, and with one like Chris Gayle and probably another like Dwayne Bravo not involved, the relatively good performers are Darren Bravo, Kirk Brathwaite, and Marlon Samuels, and they are so only now and again. The reason is that those who are equipped to take the places of the stars are not around, or by playing only now and again, they take too long in getting there. It is difficult these days to spot, not only another Brian Lara or another Curtly Ambrose, another Shivnarine Chanderpaul or another Courtney Walsh, but also a player who really looks like for one for the future England, Australia, South Africa, and especially India turn these type of players out almost every season. They flow like off a production line, Alistair Cook, Ian Bell, Steve Hamison, Joe Root, Jos Butler, James Anderson, Stuart Broad, and Steven Finn, Michael Clarke, David Warner, Aaron Finch, Steve Finch, Michael Johnson, and Mitchell Starc, Jacques Kallis, Herschelle Gibbs, Hashim Amla, Quinton De Kock, Faf Duplessis, A.B. De Villiers, Makhaya Ntini, and Dale Steyn. And from India, Sachin Tendulkar, V.V.S. Laxman, MS Dhoni, Virat Kohli, Shikhar Dhawan, Ajinka Rajane, Rohit Sharma, R. Ashwin, Umesh Yadav, Suresh Raina, and many more. It is almost like you hear about them today and by tomorrow they are gone, and not because they are not that good enough, but because a better one appears on the scene. One of the reasons why England, Australia, South Africa, and India keep producing more and better players more often than the West Indies is because their cricket fraternity really loves cricket. Based on what I have seen they go to cricket from they are young until they are old, and during that time, they play cricket, in the backyard, in the front-yard, and even competitively until after their 75th birthday. The Australians, who were in Jamaica two weeks ago courtesy of Paul Campbell’s Sports Innovation Group, played four 20-over games against a Kingston CC Masters Invitational X1, a Melbourne CC Masters Invitational X1, and two games against a Paul Campbell Masters Invitational X1, were from Victoria. They came to Jamaica from Mexico and Cuba, and they were heading to Vancouver in Canada before going on to Philadelphia in the USA for a seven-match series in five days to end the tour. The Philadelphia series has been going on for the past 20 years. The reason for the headline is this: the tour was an eye-opener for the Jamaicans, certainly to regulars like former Jamaica nationals Delroy Morgan, John Gordon, Terrence Corke, and Odelmo Peters and to regular master league players like Mark English and Myron Chin. The local players were, however, nowhere near 60 or 75 years old, and while there were maybe a few of them, who may play five or six games a season, the Australians number thousands, who play a minimum of 15 competitive games a season. It is because of that why the Jamaicans were astonished by these older Australians, who, while were attired in the green and gold of Australia, ran sprightly and smartly between the wickets, something which is almost foreign to West Indies cricket these days. “Boy, these guys certainly taught us a lesson. Imagine, 70 and 75 yeas old and still playing, and playing two games a day on top of that,” said one of the Jamaicans who was just pushing his 50th birthday. That’s what made cricketers like Clarke and Smith, and also others like Johnson, Starc, and company. “These guys really love cricket, man. We really have to take a leaf out of their book if we are to match them,” said one of the Jamaicans who required a substitute fielder half way through the match at Melbourne Oval. If the West Indies played cricket like the Aussies, they probably would not have suffered so badly for so long: 1995 to 2016 at the bottom, or near to the bottom, of the Test and One-day rankings. Competitively Some people may now be questioning the reason for this headline, The Australian inspiration. After all, the West Indies did go from 1976 to 1995 losing only one Test series against all comers, they defeated Australia mercilessly in seven series from 1980 to 1993 and during all those years there skill was such that they were considered the greatest set of cricketers ever to play the game. Maybe the headline reflected the 4-1 defeat in 1951-52 when Australia first played the West Indies, or maybe it brought back memories of the 3-0 thrashing they dished out in 1955 when they first toured the West Indies. No, it could not have been. Those defeats, and others, were well and truly avenged during the 19 years of ascendancy and the many thumpings that Australia received from the West Indies during that time, even though those victories are nearly as far away and as long ago as the wonderful and historic 3-1 victory against England in 1950. The headline is for another reason. Back in those days, cricket was popular among the six or seven countries which really played the game, and Test cricket was what other cricket was judged by. Whenever stumps were driven into the ground and two men in white walked out of the pavilion, it was the signal for the people to turn out in their thousands, or for rain to come tumbling down. People loved the sport, and they used to revel in who wins and the successful performers were the toast of the day, as they are today. In that atmosphere, with everybody, toddlers to grandparents, probably even to great grandparents, involved in the game, England, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, the West Indies, India, and Pakistan were happy. They won series and they lost series. They produced good players. Young playerslast_img read more

‘Extension of Feeder Roads is Critical to Vibrant Agriculture Growth, Development’

first_imgPublic Works Minister William Gyude Moore has reminded the government that extension of feeder roads to hard to reach parts of the country is critical to the attainment of agriculture growth and development.Minister Moore made the assertion last week Tuesday in an exclusive interview with the Daily Observer at his Lynch Street office in Monrovia.In order to translate that into practical reality, Minister Moore has disclosed that in the early part of next year, the Ministry will embark on the construction and rehabilitation of feeder roads in Southeastern Liberia.He added that the potentials of the rural farmers and businesspeople to transform the nation into a vibrant exporting country cannot be over-emphasized.Therefore, Minister Moore stressed, emphasis and priority should be given to the construction and connection of farmers to major primary and secondary roads in all parts of the country.In recent trips to Nimba and Lofa counties, this reporter observed that pineapples, corn and cucumbers were getting rotten due to difficulties being encountered by farmers to transport them to markets.The farmers told the Daily Observer that should the government prioritize more farm-to-market roads, the economy could experience some growth and progress.Farmers will be happy to learn that Minister Moore and team are beginning to consider the construction of farm-to-market roads across the country.Minister Moore pointed further out that construction of feeder roads requires sufficient funds to meet the growing demands from farmers.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

‘We Need to Stand by Each Other’

first_imgBy William HarmonLiberians from all walks of life, especially women, must adopt the culture of being their sisters’ keeper in order to help strengthen the social bond of the country, a women rights activist, has said.Ms. Emma Smith, president of the Emma Smith Life Recovery Foundation (ESLRF) said when Liberians stick together they will be capable to achieve better results. “There is strength in unity. Until we can grab that culture of being our brothers’ keeper, we will continue to suffer a lot of pains individually.She spoke in reference to the saga involving the late 10 years old Barway Collins, whose lifeless body was found in the Mississippi River in Minneapolis after three weeks of massive search in the city by volunteers.On Monday, Barway’s father, Pierre Collins, confessed to intentionally murdering his son for US$70,000 insurance money. U.S. media quoted Pierre as saying that he punched his son and he became unconscious after which he duct-taped his body and threw him into the river. Pierre is expected to be sentenced to 40 years imprisonment.She said this case is truly a success story, noting that if Liberians both in the Diaspora and those at home have not come together to exert the level of pressure, she doubted that the success could have been achieved.“We want to be grateful to the U.S. Government and all Liberians, who stood up for this case. Indeed justice will truly prevail. The unity we exhibited during this process should stick with us. We all know that there is strength in unity and this is clearly manifested in this case,” she told the Daily Observer on Monday in a telephone interview.Emma said ESLRF, which headquarters is located in the ELWA Community, the same community where Louise Karluah resided before her departure to the U.S. to attend her son’s funeral, is also involve in helping the destitute.The ESLRF President, along with other women, lobbied to ensure that Barway’s mother-Louise Karluah was transported to the U.S. to attend her son’s funeral. Emma was at the forefront when all the formalities for Louise departure were being finalized. Louise, herself termed the plea as a relieved for her, but wants all those involve in the killing of her son to be brought to book.Reports indicate that she strongly believes that though it was Pierre who orchestrated the plan, he did not do it alone.“Justice has shown its rightful face, and I want to praise God for Louise,” Ms. Smith, a young activist said. She was in an exciting mood when she heard the news.Emma said Lil Barway’s soul will now rest in peace now that Pierre has been brought to book and is poised to bear the consequences of his actions.“Pierre is very wicked and heartless and the innocent soul of Barway has never been at peace till this cannibal faces the consequences of his action.She further said, “Lil Barway, you can now go and rest in peace. Let Jesus holds you in his blossom, you were a lovely child, but given to the wrong father.She said the many prayers, to bring whatsoever that led to your early death to light, have been unearthed. “Praise God that our prayers have been answered,” she said.Ms. Smith, a musician and social activist, along with other Liberian women, including Cllr. Yvette Chesson Wureh, were in the forefront in ensuring that Louise, a semi-literate woman, got to the U.S. and be part of the search for her son’s killer.She also expressed gratitude to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the U.S. Embassy, and Concerned Women in Liberia for their roles in the advocacy.“I want to be grateful to God for this news. This is indeed a victory for humanity, those of our friends in the U.S., who have been consistently part of this justice seeking initiative and the Liberian women on this side that rallied behind Louise to ensure that she got due recognition,” Smith told the Daily Observer.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Liverpool vs Torino: TV channel, kick-off time and confirmed Reds team

first_imgLiverpool play their first pre-season friendly at Anfield since 2014 when they face Italian outfit Torino.Jurgen Klopp has spent big over the summer and is looking to build on a fantastic season that saw them reach the Champions League final. 2 possible xi Anfield plays host to Torino on August 7 FOOTBALL LATEST Naby Keita scored 14 goals in 58 appearances for RB Leipzig smart causal Roberto Firmino, Sadio Mane and Mohamed Salah, who plundered 91 goals between them last season, line up in attack.Trent Alexander-Arnold starts having returned to training last week, while Nathaniel Phillips plays alongside Virgil can Dijk at centre-back.Alberto Moreno will captain the side.Liverpool XI: Alisson, Alexander-Arnold, Van Dijk, Phillips, Moreno, Fabinho, Wijnaldum, Keita, Mane, Salah, Firmino.Substitutes: Karius, Clyne, Henderson, Sturridge, Grujic, Lallana, Shaqiri, Robertson, Ings, Jones, Johnston, Camacho, Grabara. 📋 Here’s how we line-up in our last #LFCPreSeason game… pic.twitter.com/N3eTD0gOuQ— Liverpool FC (@LFC) August 7, 2018What was the last friendly to be held at Anfield?Four years ago, current manager Jurgen Klopp brought his Dortmund side to face Liverpool before the 2014/15 season.Dejan Lovren netted his first goal for the club in the 4-0 rout, along with Daniel Sturridge and Phillippe Coutinho.Torino finished 9th in Serie A last year and recently beat Nice in a pre-season runout. 2 How Chelsea could line up against Southampton – what system will Lampard play? highlights center_img Tottenham v Brighton LIVE: talkSPORT commentary and team news for Boxing Day opener NEW ERA When is Liverpool vs Torino?The match will be held on Tuesday, August 7.Kick-off is at 7.30pm.This will be Liverpool’s final pre-season encounter before they begin their season against West Ham on August 12.Which channel can I watch it on?The game will be shown on Liverpool’s own LFCTV.It can be found on Sky channel 425 and Virgin Media 544, costing £9.99 on top of your usual subscription.What is the team news?Adam Lallana (hamstring), Markp Grukic (calf) and Joel Matip (hip) are all missing for Klopp’s men.Summer signings Alisson Becker, Fabinho and Naby Keita make their home debuts having been named in the starting XI. How Arsenal could line up in Arteta’s first official game in charge – Ozil return? gameday Best clips, calls and talkSPORT moments of 2019, feat Hearn, McCoist and more ALTERED Tottenham predicted XI to face Brighton with Mourinho expected to make big changes Getty Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decadelast_img read more

DONEGAL ON A ROLL: AFTER €100K GAOTH DOBHAIR WIN, €50,000 TELLY BINGO SNOWBALL WON IN BUNCRANA

first_imgDONEGAL is on a National Lottery roll today – after a SECOND big prize was bought in the county.Earlier donegaldaily.com was first to report how a lucky woman from Co Kildare is celebrating after a relative bought her a €100,000 scratch card in the Spar shop in Derrybeg.Now we can reveal that today’s massive €50,000 Telly Bingo Snowball prize was bought in the Lunchbox in Ardaravan Square in Buncrana! The winning number was o68.The county has seen THREE National Lottery jackpot winners in the past two months – and a some decent prize money for others on the Winning Streak TV show.“That would buy a lot of lunches in here,” said one customer at the Lunchbox today.“We don’t know who has the winning ticket but we are delighted for whoever it is. “Fifty grand is a good lump of cash to have, especially now.”Earlier the Kildare winner said she was over the moon when the scratchcard was given to her as a birthday present.Gaoth Dobhair story here: https://www.donegaldaily.com/2012/02/21/e100000-winning-streak-scratchcard-bought-in-gaoth-dobhair/LEAVE YOUR COMMENT BELOW© 2011 donegaldaily.com, all Rights Reserved The copying, republication or redistribution of donegaldaily.com Content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited by law.Follow us on www.twitter.com/donegaldailyFollow us on www.facebook.com/donegaldailyDONEGAL ON A ROLL: AFTER €100K GAOTH DOBHAIR WIN, €50,000 TELLY BINGO SNOWBALL WON IN BUNCRANA was last modified: February 22nd, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:000 TELLY BINGO SNOWBALL WON IN BUNCRANADONEGAL ON A ROLL: AFTER €100K GAOTH DOBHAIR WIN€50last_img read more

JAMES GALLAGHER APPOINTED SENIOR COACH WITH FINN HARPS

first_imgFinn Harps has confirmed the appointment of James Gallagher as senior coach.Gallagher said today he is delighted to be back at the club.“I am very pleased to rejoin the club. I spoke to Ollie and was impressed with his plans for Finn Harps. We’ll be looking to ensure that the team is as professional, well prepared and competitive as possible,” he said. Ollie Horgan is happy to have the first element of his backroom team in place and expects there to be further announcements in the coming weeks as he embarks on his two year contract as manager of Finn Harps.“James will be an important part of what we’re looking to do at Finn Harps- he has a professional attitude, knows the local and national scene very well and is committed to helping us build a really competitive side here,” said Ollie. JAMES GALLAGHER APPOINTED SENIOR COACH WITH FINN HARPS was last modified: December 31st, 2013 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:JAMES GALLAGHER APPOINTED SENIOR COACH WITH FINN HARPSlast_img read more

Madison Bumgarner addresses trade rumors, future with Giants

first_imgCLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceSCOTTSDALE, Ariz.–At his introductory press conference in November, Giants president of baseball operations Farhan Zaidi ushered in a new era with a bold proclamation.“Everything has got to be on the table.”Even a potential trade of Madison Bumgarner. Four months after Zaidi was hired to lead the franchise into the future, Bumgarner strolled into the clubhouse at Scottsdale Stadium on Tuesday as pitchers …last_img read more

SETI and other Pointless Gimmicks

first_imgAstrobiologist Paul Davies sure knows how to ask interesting questions, and ruffle feathers in the process.  His new book about SETI, The Eerie Silence, reviewed by Leslie Mullen in Astrobiology Magazine, defaced some long-standing notions.  But are his suggestions any improvement?    Davies thinks the Voyager record was a “pointless gimmick.”  He thinks that SETI has been described as a religion.  He argues that it is probably useless to look for life in radio signals.  Yet he thinks we should expand the search for alien intelligence in marks of intervention in our DNA, or in neutrino beams, or in interstellar waste dumps.    At times he seems to be talking like an intelligent design advocate masquerading as a materialist.  Mullin quotes him:To a physicist like me, life looks to be a little short of magic: all those dumb molecules conspiring to achieve such clever things!  How do they do it?  There is no orchestrator, no choreographer directing the performance, no esprit de corps, no collective will, no life force – just mindless atoms pushing and pulling on each other, kicked about by random thermal fluctuations.  Yet the end product is an exquisite and highly distinctive form of order.  Even chemists, who are familiar with the amazing transformative powers of molecules, find it breathtaking.  George Whitesides, Professor of Chemistry at Harvard University, writes, “How remarkable is life?  The answer is: very.  Those of us who deal in networks of chemical reactions know of nothing like it.”Most of the extrasolar planets found so far are gas giant planets like Jupiter, and are not likely to have life as we know it.  Davies says there is nothing in the laws of chemistry or physics to indicate life is inevitable, or even a cosmic imperative.  He notes there is no mathematical regularity to life, revealing some underlying basic law of nature.  Instead, “the chemical sequences seem totally haphazard.”  And yet, life has its own sense of order, since re-arranging those chemical sequences can upend the whole system.“So the arrangement is at once both random and highly specific – a peculiar, indeed unique, combination of qualities hard to explain by deterministic physical forces,” he writes.But in the next sentences, he is talking about some “law of evolution” accounting for the origin of life as well as its development into physicists like himself.  At one moment Davies describes SETI as a religion, but then says the discovery of ETI would be hard on traditional religion.  He deplores the silence on the one hand, but then calls it a “golden silence” to consider how precious it would mean life is.  Whether or not Davies’ beliefs are coherent, they represent a mind struggling honestly with stubborn realities of physics, life and intelligence – and questions that the “eerie silence” are keeping in front of astrobiologists.  Mullins ends, “By stretching our minds to try to envision all the possibilities in our search for aliens, not only may we one day find what we seek, but in the process we also will learn about many other deep and enduring mysteries of the cosmos.”Learn to question glib statements.  Consider that last platitude by Mullins.  Is it always a good thing to stretch your mind to envision all the possibilities of things?  Stretch your mind to consider all the possibilities of pigs flying.  Did that do you any good in the deep and enduring mysteries of flying porcines?  Some minds stretch so far they break.  Some minds stretch in the wrong directions; they consider useless mysteries that do no one any good.  Some stretch to imagine evil things.  Was it good for Eve to consider the possibilities of disobeying God?  Come now; stretch your mind wisely.    The article is worth reading to get a sense of the schizophrenia of the modern mind.  Knowledgeable scientists like Davies cannot deny the complexity of the cell and the seeming “magic” of life’s organization, but they desperately want to hang onto their materialism.  Between his irrational leaps into fantasyland (looking for alien footprints in our DNA, and failing to see it would require I.D. to do so, etc.) Davies is a little more realistic than many astrobiologists about the complexity of life.  His statements in The Privileged Planet are memorable.  Add to those his memorable quotes above, which should be printed on billboards, distributed at school board meetings, and thrown into the faces of the Darwin Party hacks who say intelligent design is not science.  Look at what Davies said!  Life is so organized for function, there is no law of nature or possibility of chance to produce it.  There is nothing like it in regular chemistry.  A high-level, well-recognized astrobiologist said this, not someone affiliated with the Discovery Institute.  What are we to make of this?  Are we to retreat with Davies into the non-explanation that this is just some peculiar state of affairs, a “a peculiar, indeed unique, combination of qualities hard to explain by deterministic physical forces”?  That’s indistinguishable from the Stuff Happens Law.  Remember, explaining something with the phrase “stuff happens,” or its cognates (it emerged, it arose) is the antithesis of scientific explanation.  It is an admission of defeat, disqualification, dropping out of science.  It is a tacit admission that other players need their time at bat.  Let the world hear.  Materialistic science has no answers to the origin of life.  It is time to admit the bankruptcy of materialism and let the debate include those who have been excluded – those who add design to the equation, which makes all the difference, and clears the fog from the mysteries of life.  Are we to let the SETI materialists pursue their quest endlessly, while their critics are forced to disprove a universal negative?  Talk about stacking the deck.  Time to reboot the game and re-initialize the rules for fairness.    Would that Davies would read Signature in the Cell and face up to the fact that he has no way out; there is no chance explanation, law-of-nature explanation, or combination of the two that can produce life without intelligent design.  He knows the science behind this well enough to concede the facts to Meyer.  Is he brave enough to cast his lot with the despised I.D. people?  Pray he does in time, like former atheist Anthony Flew, who died this week (see Uncommon Descent).  Flew had to admit after a lifetime of teaching atheism that the evidence for intelligent design was compelling.  Follow the evidence, then follow the implications.  Yes, there is intelligent life out there, just not what you were seeking, Paul.  Ask your namesake.  You can even find the footprints in your DNA.(Visited 47 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

The Ediacaran Era May Be a Flawed Concept

first_imgBefore humans arrived, no strata came with “Ediacaran” stamped on them.  Does this human-invented name have any real meaning?  Does it tell time?The so-called Ediacaran era came just before the Cambrian, when all the animal phyla exploded onto the scene.  Actually, that sentence requires believing they were in a time sequence.  To the observer’s eye, Cambrian strata have certain kinds of fossils in them interpreted to represent an era when the first complex animal body plans emerged.  In certain places on earth below strata designated Cambrian, there are odd frond-like organisms that have been named the Ediacaran fauna, so named after a location in Australia where they were first identified.  Below Cambrian implies before Cambrian, simply enough.  But two papers in Geology raised new questions about these beliefs.Buatois and a team harking from Canada and South Africa, writing in Geology, consider the Ediacaran-Cambrian interface “arguably the most important in the stratigraphic column,” noted that the ichnofossil Treptichnus pedum is commonly used to indicate the interface.   They went hunting for this fossil in South Africa and found it in a wide variety of environments:Our study in Fortunian units in the Vanrhynsdorp Group of South Africa shows a broad environmental tolerance for the T. pedum producer in shallow-marine clastic settings. This ichnotaxon is not only present in low-energy offshore wave-dominated marine settings, but it also occurs at considerably shallower water in intertidal and shallow-subtidal zones of tide-dominated systems. T. pedum seems to have high values of peak abundance in the upper offshore and lower intertidal sand flats. In many sections, the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition occurs in successions containing a sequence boundary due to incision of valleys that were filled with coarse-grained deposits of fluvial or estuarine origin, both representing facies that are unsuitable for T. pedum. The range offset of this ichnotaxon is typically greater above sequence boundaries and within transgressive systems tracts, providing some constrains [sic] on its use.Despite these concerns, they believe that “the broad environmental tolerance of T. pedum in shallow-marine clastic settings supports evolutionary innovations rather than facies controls as the main mechanism underlying the observed vertical pattern of distribution of this ichnospecies” in the study area.  In their mind, it “supports” one interpretation over another, despite the constraints.A second paper in Geology asks a more fundamental question: “How well do fossil assemblages of the Ediacara Biota tell time?”  Notice the frequent use of the word interpret in their opening sentences:Patterns of origination, evolution, and extinction of early animal life on this planet are largely interpreted from the fossils of the Precambrian soft-bodied Ediacara Biota, spanning nearly 40 m.y. of the terminal Ediacaran period. Localities containing these fossils are loosely considered as part of either the Avalon, White Sea, or Nama Associations. These associations have been interpreted to have temporal, paleobiogeographic, preservational, and/or paleoenvironmental significance. Surprisingly, elements of all three associations occur within the Ediacara Member of the Rawnsley Quartzite of South Australia.What does it mean to have three associations in one location?  It means serious questions are in order about the interpretation of observed strata as markers of time and evolution:An analysis of over 5000 specimens demonstrates that fossil distribution is strongly controlled by facies and taphonomy rather than time or biogeography and that individual taxa vary considerably in their environmental tolerance and taphonomic integrity. The recognition that these taxa represent organisms living in various distinct environments, both juxtaposed and shared, holds strong implications for our interpretation of the record of early animal life on this planet and questions the biostratigraphic utility of the three associations. Furthermore, although in situ soft-bodied preservation provides a unique perspective on composition of benthic fossil assemblages, the record should not be interpreted as a simple “snapshot”. Fossil beds represent a range of preservational modifications varying from current winnowed census samples of benthic communities at different depths and ecological maturity, to entirely transported assemblages. Unless the appropriate environments and taphonomic conditions are present for certain taxa, the absence of a particular taxon may or may not indicate its extinction in space or time.There’s a lot in that paragraph for doubt.  Geologists cannot simply count fossils.  Unseen geological processes can scramble the mix, winnowing the census, transporting whole assemblages elsewhere.  They ask their fellow geologists to identify “appropriate” environments and taphonomic (fossil-creating) conditions, but they don’t identify who decides what is appropriate.  Eyebrows should rise at their statement that the considerable variation in the environment and “taphonomic integrity” at Ediacaran sites has not just implications, but “strong implications for interpretation of the record of early animal life on this planet”.  That warning could just as well be sounded for the remainder of the fossil record.Notice how they ended by saying that “the absence of a particular taxon may or may not indicate its extinction in space or time.”  The absence of evidence for the notorious Precambrian Rabbit is not evidence of absence.  Who knows without an eyewitness?  Precambrian rabbits may have been hopping in another country at the same time Ediacarans were fossilizing under the sea.  Remember?  You need appropriate taphonomic conditions.  You can’t look at a stratum, they said, as a simple “snapshot” and decide there were no rabbits in this era.  Unseen processes may have been at work winnowing the census or transporting entire assemblages.The key point is that strata designations and their interpretations are highly theory-laden.  It doesn’t matter that most geologists accept the current theory.  The consensus has been wrong many times before.  When you look at evidence, learn to scrape off the labels humans attach to them, and especially the canned interpretations.  Science progresses by perceptive observers who see the anomalies those within the paradigm have been trained to ignore. (Visited 34 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

BilltoMobile Expands Carrier Billing Options for Verizon Customers

first_imgRole of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Tags:#apps#mobile#news What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … sarah perez Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfacescenter_img Multiple mobile payments companies are teaming up to offer expanded direct carrier billing options to Verizon Wireless customers here in the U.S. BilltoMobile, a Verizon partner since March 2010, has signed an agreement with BOKU, a mobile payments company that already provides merchants access to 2 billion consumers worldwide on 230 carriers, including AT&T, Vodafone, Globe and others. Also now on board is Zong, another international mobile payments company known for its integration with Facebook Credits, and more recently, its launch of a carrier billing program for Android developers.BilltoMobile operates a payment gateway that’s tied directly with Verizon’s billing platform here in the U.S., as well as AT&T’s. The new agreement allows BOKU and Zong to access that gateway, in order to provide services to Verizon customers.For Verizon end users, this simply means more options for carrier billing.What’s Carrier Billing?Carrier billing is a term that refers to the ability for mobile purchases, such as the purchase of virtual goods, services or other content, to be paid for via a mobile subscriber’s carrier bill. Merchants often work with mobile payment providers, such as BilltoMobile, to process those transactions, as opposed to working directly with the carrier itself.Direct mobile billing isn’t even limited to mobile phones. With services like BilltoMobile, BOKU, Zong and others, you can actually pay for online purchases via carrier billing from your desktop Web browser, too.BilltoMobile Deal Not Exclusive to BOKUCurrently, the San Jose-based BilltoMobile serves 65% of all U.S. wireless subscribers. Its key investor, Danal Co., Ltd. from Seoul, South Korea, has a long history in this market, having integrated direct mobile billing with 10,000+ merchants worldwide to date. Danal Co. has processed $4 billion in e-commerce mobile transactions since its first carrier partnership back in 2000.BOKU, a San Francisco-based mobile payments startup founded in 2009, doesn’t have an exclusive on this Verizon deal. Zong, a BOKU competitor, has also established a relationship with BilltoMobile. Any other company that wants to bill to Verizon would need to go through BilltoMobile, too.Carrier billing has yet to really take off in the U.S. due to lack of availability, support, and consumer education, but is already popular in many parts of the world. In recent months, Verizon, AT&T and T-Mobile, have all launched or expanded their carrier billing efforts. And with more partnerships like the one announced today, it looks like it will become more of a standard way to pay for purchases in the months ahead. Related Posts The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more