The outcome of the months-long effort to establish a stable and democratic Government in Afghanistan hinges on how well the country – with foreign support – can respond to threats to stability, a senior United Nations official told the Security Council today.“The question of security continues to be the foremost concern, and the manner in which it is addressed by the international community and the Afghans together may well determine in the very near future the success – or not – of the Bonn process,” said Kieran Prendergast, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, referring to an effort by Afghan factions which began at a meeting in that German city last year.The convening of an Emergency Loya Jirga on 22 June would mark the next key milestone in the process, he noted. “There is a continuing danger that the existing security apparatus, both Afghan and international, does not adequately address the security threats that are currently discernable, and that are likely to increase as the convening of the Emergency Loya Jirga approaches,” he warned.While noting that the 4,500-strong International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was conducting round-the-clock patrols in Kabul, Mr. Prendergast pointed out that the main threats to the Interim Authority emanated from the provinces. Afghans had “demonstrated overwhelming support for the Emergency Loya Jirga, including support for the participation of women,” but they had also expressed “fear that armed groups could affect the selection or election” of its members. The commission charged with overseeing the process had so far been able to operate without outside interference, “but there are legitimate fears that political pressure will increase substantially” in the future, the Under-Secretary-General cautioned.On the positive side, he said there had been “significant” progress in re-establishing the Afghan civil service, and voiced gratitude to all donors who had made it possible to provide salaries for public servants, while stressing the need for additional funds to help Afghanistan meet its immediate needs. “Without these millions being available today, the billions pledged at Tokyo [during a donor’s meeting] may be of much less use,” he warned. Mr. Prendergast also praised the Afghan interim leader, Hamid Karzai, for serving as “an ambassador not only for Afghanistan’s dire needs, which require international assistance, but also for Afghanistan’s aspirations, which are built on international responsibility and cooperation.”
“Executive Heads look to you for help in compensating staff at competitive rates, strengthening management, encouraging mobility around the UN system, and addressing problems such as the recruitment and retention of staff at difficult duty stations,” he told the 60th session of the International Civil Service Commission (ICSC) in Bangkok.”Executive Heads are also looking forward to the General Assembly’s forthcoming discussion on the report of the panel on strengthening the international civil service and the functioning of the Commission,” he said in a message delivered by the Executive Secretary of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), noting the recent decision granting paternity leave.”As you know, this is a crucial year for the United Nations. The General Assembly will hold a Summit meeting in September, at which it is hoped that world leaders will enact far-reaching reforms. The issues that fall within the Commission’s purview are of central importance to that effort,” he added.”Just as I have been urging Member States to rise to the occasion, so do I call on you to meet this challenge and do your utmost to create for the staff of the United Nations system, at the more than 500 duty stations at which they serve the world’s people, the conditions they need to succeed.”The 15-member ICSC is an independent expert body established by the General Assembly, charged with regulating and coordinating the conditions of service of staff in the UN common system, while promoting and maintaining high standards in the international civil service.Its mandate covers all facets of employment conditions, but the type of action it is empowered to take in a specific area is regulated under its statute. On some matters such as establishment of daily subsistence allowance, cost-of-living element and hardship entitlements, it may take decisions itself.In other areas, it makes recommendations to the General Assembly which then acts as the legislator for the rest of the common system. Such matters include professional salary scales, the level of dependency allowances and education grant.On still other matters, the Commission makes recommendations to the executive heads of the organizations, in particular concerning human resources policy issues.