40 efficient solar cells to be used for solar electricity

first_img Explore further Most conventional solar cells used in today’s applications, such as for supplemental power for homes and buildings, are one-sun, single-junction silicon cells that use only the light intensity that the sun produces naturally, and have optimal efficiency for a relatively narrow range of photon energies. The Spectrolab group experimented with concentrator multijunction solar cells that use high intensities of sunlight, the equivalent of 100s of suns, concentrated by lenses or mirrors. Significantly, the multijunction cells can also use the broad range of wavelengths in sunlight much more efficiently than single-junction cells. “These results are particularly encouraging since they were achieved using a new class of metamorphic semiconductor materials, allowing much greater freedom in multijunction cell design for optimal conversion of the solar spectrum,” Dr. Richard R. King, principal investigator of the high efficiency solar cell research and development effort, told PhysOrg.com. “The excellent performance of these materials hints at still higher efficiency in future solar cells.” In the design, multijunction cells divide the broad solar spectrum into three smaller sections by using three subcell band gaps. Each of the subcells can capture a different wavelength range of light, enabling each subcell to efficiently convert that light into electricity. With their conversion efficiency measured at 40.7%, the metamorphic multijunction concentrator cells surpass the theoretical limit of 37% of single-junction cells at 1000 suns, due to their multijunction structure. While Spectrolab’s primary business is supplying PV cells and panels to the aerospace industry (many of their solar cells are used on satellites currently in orbit), the company envisions that this breakthrough will also have applications in commercial terrestrial solar electricity generation. The research that led to the discovery of the high efficiency concentrator solar cell was funded partly by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and will play a significant role in the government’s Solar America Initiative, which aims to make solar energy cost-competitive with conventional electricity generation by 2015. The company has said that these solar cells could help concentrator system manufacturers produce electricity at a cost that is competitive with electricity generated by conventional methods today.The Spectrolab scientists also predict that with theoretical efficiencies of 58% in cells with more than three junctions using improved materials and designs, concentrator solar cells could achieve efficiencies of more than 45% or even 50% in the future. Citation: King, R. R., Law, D. C., Edmondson, K. M., Fetzer, C. M., Kinsey, G. S., Yoon, H., Sherif, R. A., and Karam, N. H. “40% efficient metamorphic GaInP/GaInAs/Ge multijunction solar cells.” Applied Physics Letters 90, 183516 (2007). Copyright 2007 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Citation: 40% efficient solar cells to be used for solar electricity (2007, June 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2007-06-efficient-solar-cells-electricity.html Scientists from Spectrolab, Inc., a subsidiary of Boeing, have recently published their research on the fabrication of solar cells that surpass the 40% efficiency milestone—the highest efficiency achieved for any photovoltaic device. Their results appear in a recent edition of Applied Physics Letters.center_img Multijunction solar cell could exceed 50% efficiency goal This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Physicists create carbon magnetism by removing atoms from graphite

first_imgUsing a homemade low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope, the scientists could identify the presence of a sharp resonance peak on top of individual vacancies. The resonance peaked around the Fermi level, which has been predicted in many theoretical studies but has never been experimentally observed before now.As the scientists explain, the resonance at a vacancy can be associated with a magnetic moment. The vacancies cause nearby electron spins to align due to repulsive electron-electron interactions, which leads to the formation of the magnetic moments. In addition, vacancies at different sites induce different kinds of magnetic moments, which can interact with each other. This interaction points to the possibility of inducing a macroscopic ferromagnetic state in the entire graphite material simply by removing random individual carbon atoms.“In a pristine carbon system, one would never expect to find magnetism because of the tendency of its electrons to couple in pairs by forming covalent bonds,” Brihuega explained. “The association of electrons in pairs runs against the existence of a net magnetic moment, since the total spin of the electronic bond will be zero. By removing one carbon atom from the graphite surface, what we do precisely is to break these covalent bonds and as a result we create a localized state with a single unpaired electron that will generate a magnetic moment.”Overall, the results not only confirm the accuracy of theoretical models, but also have further implications. For example, the observed resonances may enhance graphene’s chemical reactivity. In terms of applications, the results could lead to innovative magnets.“To create a magnet from a pure carbon system is a tantalizing possibility since this would be a metal-free magnet and thus optimal for applications in biomedicine,” Brihuega said. “In addition, it should be much cheaper to produce than conventional magnets since, to give some numbers, a ton of carbon costs around a thousand times less than a ton of nickel ($16 vs. $16,000), a commonly used material in actual magnets. In the case of graphene systems, one would also have flexibility and lightness as additional advantages; but to date, the total magnetization reported for these systems is very low when compared with the strongest existing magnets. “In my opinion,” he added, “the brightest future in terms of applications stems in the emerging field of spintronics, i.e. in trying to exploit the ‘spin’ of the unpaired electron for creating new spin-based devices.” (PhysOrg.com) — Physicists have found that, by removing individual atoms from a graphite surface, they can create local magnetic moments in the graphite. The discovery could lead to techniques to artificially create magnets that are nonmetallic and biocompatible, as well as cheaper and lighter than current magnets. Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. How Perfect Can Graphene Be? This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore furthercenter_img More information: M. M. Ugeda, I. Brihuega, F. Guinea, and J. M. Gómez-Rodríguez. “Missing Atom as a Source of Carbon Magnetism.” Physical Review Letters 104, 096804 (2010). DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.096804 This 3D image, obtained with a scanning tunneling microscope, shows a single isolated atomic vacancy. The scientists identified the presence of a sharp resonance peak on top of individual vacancies, which can be associated with a magnetic moment. Image credit: M. M. Ugeda, et al. ©2010 APS. The scientists, Miguel Ugeda, Ivan Brihuega, and José Gómez-Rodríguez, all from the Autonomous University of Madrid, along with Francisco Guinea from the Institute of Materials Science of Madrid, have published the results of their study in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.“It is a pressing challenge of nanotechnology to be able to integrate graphene in real electronic devices,” Brihuega told PhysOrg.com. “To this end, it is mandatory to understand how the presence of single atomic defects modifies its properties. In our work, we use a scanning tunneling microscope in ultra-clean environments to address such a fundamental question for a graphene-like system, a graphite surface. Our main result is our capability to examine at the atomic scale the intrinsic impact that each single carbon atom removed from the surface has in the electronic and magnetic properties of the system.”As the scientists explain, creating atomic vacancies in graphene-like materials by removing atoms has a strong impact on the mechanical, electronic, and magnetic properties of the materials. In previous studies, researchers have investigated the effects of atomic vacancies on the properties of the material as a whole. In the current study, the scientists wanted to probe deeper and see what happens at each individual vacancy.In their experiments, the physicists used highly ordered pyrolytic graphite, which consists of stacked graphene sheets that follow the AB-AB stacking sequence. This means that one graphene sheet (B) is slightly shifted with respect to the upper layer (A) in such a way that half of the carbon atoms of the upper sheet A have a carbon atom located exactly below them, while the other half do not. First, the researchers peeled off some upper graphene sheets in ultra-clean environments in order to ensure that the top graphene sheet, i.e. the graphite surface, was completely free of impurities. Then they created single vacancies by applying low-energy ion irradiation, using just enough energy to displace the surface atoms and produce atomic point defects. Citation: Physicists create carbon magnetism by removing atoms from graphite (2010, March 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-03-physicists-carbon-magnetism-atoms-graphite.htmllast_img read more

Researchers show how to use mobiles to spy on people

first_img Independent researcher Nick DePetrillo and security consultant Don Bailey demonstrated their system at the SOURCE Boston security conference earlier this week. Using information from the GSM network they could identify a mobile phone user’s location, and they showed how they could easily create dossiers on people’s lives and their behavior and business dealings. They also demonstrated how they were able to identify a government contractor for the US Department of Homeland Security through analyzing phone numbers and caller IDs.Bailey and DePetrillo’s demonstration showed up inherent weaknesses in the way mobile providers expose interfaces to each other to interoperate over the GSM infrastructure. They used the Home Location Registry (HLR) and GSM provider caller ID database, along with some of their own tools and voicemail-hacking techniques.Their technique was to first obtain their victim’s mobile phone number from the ID database, and they used an open-source PBX program to automate phone calls to themselves, which triggered the system to force a name lookup. They could then associate the name information with the phone number in the caller ID database. Their next step was to match the phone number with the location using HLR, which logs the whereabouts of numbers to allow networks to hand calls off to each other. Individual phones are logged to a register of mobile switching centers within specific geographic regions. DePetrillo said he was even able to watch a phone number moving to a different mobile switching center, regardless of where in the world they were located. The pair were even able to track a journalist who interviewed an informant in Serbia and then traveled back to Germany, and they also obtained the informant’s phone number. DePetrillo said it was also a simple matter to access voicemail without the phone ringing by making two almost simultaneous calls; the first disconnects before it is picked up, and the second goes into voicemail.The researchers have not released details of the tools they developed, and have alerted the major GSM carriers about their results. Bailey said the carriers were “very concerned,” but mitigating these sorts of attacks would not be easy. In the meantime there is little mobile phone users can do to protect themselves short of turning off their phones. Indications of an attack might include the phone calling itself, or the phone suddenly calling someone by itself, but most attacks would produce no signs visible to the phone user.DePetrillo said some of their research scared them, since they were able to track important people who were themselves protected by high security measures by tracking people close to them, such as congressional aides, who were not under high security. He also said the attacks they demonstrated could be made on corporations as well as individuals, and corporations would be well advised to look at the security policies they have in place, especially for their executives.Bailey said their system is not illegal and does not breach the terms of service. (PhysOrg.com) — Researchers have demonstrated how it is possible to use GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) data along with a few tools to track down a person’s mobile phone number and their location, and even listen in on calls and voicemail messages. Stop Big Brother listening in to your mobile phone conversation Citation: Researchers show how to use mobiles to spy on people (2010, April 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-04-mobiles-spy-people.html © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

New science suggests we might soon be able to mix computers and

first_img(PhysOrg.com) — Graduate students at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, led by Minrui Yu and Yu Huang, have published an ACS Nano paper, “Semiconductor Nanomembrane Tubes: Three-Dimensional Confinement for Controlled Neurite Outgrowth,” in which they show that they have been able to successfully coax nerve cell tendrils to grow through tiny tubes made of the semi-conductor materials silicon and germanium. While this ground-breaking research may not portend cyborgs or even human brains enmeshed with computer parts, it does open the door to the possibility of regenerating nerve cells damaged due to disease or injury. Study: Stem cells report olfactory nerves More information: Semiconductor Nanomembrane Tubes: Three-Dimensional Confinement for Controlled Neurite Outgrowth, ACS Nano, Article ASAP. DOI:10.1021/nn103618d Image credit: ACS Nano, DOI:10.1021/nn103618d Explore further The team, led by Justin Williams, a biomedical engineer, created tubes of varying sizes and shapes, small enough for a nerve cell to glam on to, but not so big that it could fit all the way inside. The tubes were then coated with nerve cells from mice and then watched to see how they would react. Instead of sitting idly, the nerve cells began to send tendrils through the tunnels, as if searching for a path to something or somewhere else. In some instances they actually followed the contours of the tubes, which means, in theory, that the nerves could be grown into structures.Scientists have known for a while that nerve cells have a seek feature, but aren’t yet sure what it is they are seeking or if it’s just a random thing they do. By setting up nerve cells to follow pre-planned paths through tiny tubes, the research team hopes to find the answer to that by installing listening devices to record electrical emissions from nerves, which could in theory lead to recorded conversations between nerve cells.The hope of course, in this type of research, is that a way can be found to connect a computer of some sort to a group of nerve cells to reestablish communication that has been disrupted. The computer in this case could serve as a relay of sorts, allowing those who can no longer walk, for example, due to spinal injury or disease, regain their former abilities. In that regard, this particular research is even more revealing than it might at first seem, due to the fact that the tiny tubes that have been created, very closely resemble myelin, the outer insulating sheath that covers parts of normal nerve cells. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Citation: New science suggests we might soon be able to mix computers and neurons (2011, March 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-science-neurons.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Ford will sell solarpowered cars in partnership with panel vendors

first_img © 2011 PhysOrg.com SunPower’s E18 series solar panels can produce around 3,000 kWh of electricity annually. Ford customers installing them on their rooftops can expect about 147 square feet of roof panels, in the form of 11 panels, 4 feet by 2 feet, designed that way in order to accommodate a driver who clocks in about 1,000 miles monthly. The SunPower systems will come backed by a 25-year warranty.The solar equipment package is to include software so that the customer can monitor the solar panels’ performance online, using a Web application or iPhone app. The Ford-SunPower partnership is viewed as an apparent win-win strategy for both businesses. Ford gets to strengthen its public image as an ecologically responsible auto behemoth, which is leading, instead of reacting to, environmental awareness. SunPower gets to extend its customer reach and branded presence as leaders in solar panels and systems.Since the Ford Focus Electric runs on batteries, the solar package option represents an opportunity for the environment-conscious driver to score higher points on the Green scorecard. Although a driver already gets to cut dependence on imported oil via an EV, the owner still faces criticism from environmentalists who point out that electricity from the grid may come from coal and other fossil fuels.Charging up with solar panels engenders less pollution and a lower electricity bill.Ford hopes to electrify as many as one-fifth of its vehicles by 2020 to reach the company’s goal of helping to “stabilize the atmosphere,” according to Mike Tinskey, director of Ford’s global vehicle electrification effort. Overall, Ford’s electric-car roadmap includes the Focus Electric, and subsequently the C-MAX Hybrid, and the C-MAX Energi plug-in hybrid. More information: Image credit: Ford Explore further Citation: Ford will sell solar-powered cars in partnership with panel vendors (2011, August 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-08-ford-solar-powered-cars-partnership-panel.htmlcenter_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — Ford has announced a partnership with San Jose-based solar panel vendor SunPower that will offer cars powered by rooftop solar panels. The panels will be installed by SunPower in the customer’s home, in a package deal priced at around $10,000. Prospective owners of the 2012 Ford Focus Electric can choose the solar option, to offset around 1,000 miles of driving a month. Ford will start producing an all-electric version of the Ford Focus later this year, and will sell it in California and New York this year. The wider rollout, to some 19 locations, will begin next year. The system will also be compatible with Ford’s plug-in hybrid C-MAX -Energi. via Ford press release Ford’s electric planslast_img read more

Researchers find researchers overestimate softscience results—US the worst offender

first_img Citation: Researchers find researchers overestimate soft-science results—US the worst offender (2013, August 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-08-overestimate-soft-science-resultsus-worst.html More information: US studies may overestimate effect sizes in softer research, Published online before print August 26, 2013, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1302997110AbstractMany biases affect scientific research, causing a waste of resources, posing a threat to human health, and hampering scientific progress. These problems are hypothesized to be worsened by lack of consensus on theories and methods, by selective publication processes, and by career systems too heavily oriented toward productivity, such as those adopted in the United States (US). Here, we extracted 1,174 primary outcomes appearing in 82 meta-analyses published in health-related biological and behavioral research sampled from the Web of Science categories Genetics & Heredity and Psychiatry and measured how individual results deviated from the overall summary effect size within their respective meta-analysis. We found that primary studies whose outcome included behavioral parameters were generally more likely to report extreme effects, and those with a corresponding author based in the US were more likely to deviate in the direction predicted by their experimental hypotheses, particularly when their outcome did not include additional biological parameters. Nonbehavioral studies showed no such “US effect” and were subject mainly to sampling variance and small-study effects, which were stronger for non-US countries. Although this latter finding could be interpreted as a publication bias against non-US authors, the US effect observed in behavioral research is unlikely to be generated by editorial biases. Behavioral studies have lower methodological consensus and higher noise, making US researchers potentially more likely to express an underlying propensity to report strong and significant findings. (Phys.org) —Researchers have found that authors of “soft science” research papers tend to overstate results more often than researchers in other fields. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Daniele Fanelli and John Ioannidis write that the worst offenders are in the United States. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Soft drink consumption linked to behavioral problems in young children In the science community, soft research has come to mean research that is done in areas that are difficult to measure—behavioral science being the most well known. Science conducted on the ways people (or animals) respond in experiments is quite often difficult to reproduce or to describe in measureable terms. For this reason, the authors claim, research based on behavioral methodologies has been considered (for several decades) to be at higher risk of bias, than with other sciences. Such biases, they suggest, tend to lead to inflated claims of success.The problem Fanelli and Ioannidis suggest is that in soft science there are more “degrees of freedom”—researchers have more room to engineer experiments that will confirm what they already believe to be true. Thus, success in such sciences is defined as meeting expectations, rather than reaching a clearly defined goal or even discovering something new.The researchers came to these conclusions by locating and analyzing 82 recent meta-analyses (papers produced by researchers studying published research papers) in genetics and in psychiatry that covered 1,174 studies. Including genetics allowed the duo to compare soft science studies with hard science studies as well as those that were a combination of the two.In analyzing the data, the researchers found that researchers in the soft sciences tended to not only inflate their findings but to more often report that the outcome of their research matched their original assumptions. They also found that papers that listed researchers from the U.S. as leads tended to be the worst offenders. In their defense, the researchers suggest that the publish-or-perish atmosphere in the U.S. contributes to the problem as does difficulty in defining parameters of success in the soft sciences. The authors also noted that research efforts that included both hard and soft science were less likely than pure soft science efforts to lead to inflated results. © 2013 Phys.orglast_img read more

Using an organocatalyst to stereocontrol polymerization

first_img Explore further More information: A. J. Teator et al. Catalyst-controlled stereoselective cationic polymerization of vinyl ethers, Science (2019). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw1703 Polymers are substances with a molecular structure that is generally made up of like units bound together—they are typically found in resins and plastics. In this new effort, the researchers endeavored to create a polymer that would have more adherence, making it more useful as a coating material. They noted that the two most popular polyolefins, polyethylene and polypropylene, do not adhere well because they are made of hydrogen and carbon—to become adhesive, they need oxygen. Prior research has shown that poly(vinyl ethers) (PVEs) can be made using free radical polymerization, but the results lack stereochemistry, which means they are not very strong or reliable. That led the researchers to devise a new approach that would allow catalyst control when making PVEs, which would give them well-defined stereochemistry using cationic polymerization. Stereochemistry refers to the three-dimensional arrangement of atoms that make up molecules and the impact that the arrangement has on chemical reactions.In their new approach, the researchers used an asymmetric phosphoric acid combined with a Lewis acid (titanium) to force the monomer into a desired orientation during ionic polymerization—the organocatalyst enabled the researchers to exert complete control over the resulting stereochemistry. The polymer they created was semi-crystalline, and testing showed it to be both strong mechanically (comparable to polyethylene) and highly adhesive.Foster and O’Reilly suggest the new approach could lead to the development of both adhesive coatings and medical devices. They also note that the new approach is scalable and amenable to various types of processing such as melting, molding and coloring. They also note that the concept behind the new approach appears to be transferable to other types of polymerization systems, which suggests a whole new class of products could be forthcoming. Designing a stereoselective cationic polymerization. (A) The chiral ligand environment in coordination-insertion polymerizations enables stereoselective monomer enchainment by directing facial addition at the propagating polymer chain end. Polar monomers are typically not compatible with this mechanism because of catalyst poisoning. Me, methyl. (B) The achiral chain end in the cationic polymerizations of vinyl ethers provides no inherent mode for stereoinduction. Monomer addition occurs at either face of the oxocarbenium ion. (C) Our catalyst-controlled approach to stereoselective cationic polymerization relies on a chiral, BINOL-based counterion to bias the stereochemistry of monomer enchainment. The resultant isotactic PVEs are semicrystalline thermoplastics with intrinsic polarity. Credit: Science (2019). DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw1703 Journal information: Science A pair of researchers at the University of North Carolina has developed a way to use an organocatalyst to stereocontrol polymerization. In their paper published in the journal Science, A. J. Teator and F. A. Leibfarth describe the process and outline some ways the results could be used. Jeffrey Foster and Rachel O’Reilly with the University of Birmingham have published a Perspectives piece on the work done by the team in the same journal issue.center_img © 2019 Science X Network An easy route to polymer coatings with potential use in biofouling prevention Citation: Using an organocatalyst to stereocontrol polymerization (2019, March 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-organocatalyst-stereocontrol-polymerization.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

An expert on human blind spots gives advice on how to think

first_imgYou might recognize Dunning’s name as half of a psychological phenomenon that feels highly relevant to the current political zeitgeist: the Dunning-Kruger effect. That’s where people of low ability — let’s say, those who fail to answer logic puzzles correctly — tend to unduly overestimate their abilities. Here are the classic findings from the original paper on the effect in graph form. The worst performers — those in the bottom and second quartile — grossly overestimated their ability (also note how the best performers underestimated it). Read the whole story: Vox David Dunning, a psychology professor at the University of Michigan, has devoted much of his career to studying the flaws in human thinking. It has kept him busy. last_img read more

Downward Head Tilt Can Make People Seem More Dominant

first_imgThis work wassupported by funding from a Canadian Institutes of Health Research OperatingGrant (Funding Reference No. 123255) and a Social Sciences and HumanitiesResearch Council Insight Grant (No. 435-2018-0154). Two more experiments indicated that the angle of the eyebrows drove this effect—downward-tilted heads had eyebrows that appeared to take more of a V shape, even though the eyebrows had not moved from a neutral position, and this was associated with perceptions of dominance. Additional findings revealed that the portion of theface around the eyes and eyebrows is both necessary and sufficient to producethe dominance effect. That is, participants rated downward-tilted heads as moredominant even when they could only see the eyes and eyebrows; this was not truewhen the rest of the face was visible and the eyes and eyebrows were obscured. Stimuli used in Study 1 (top row) and Study 2 (middle and bottom rows). From left to right, the poses illustrate downward head tilts, neutral head angles, and upward head tilts. In all images, targets posed with neutral facial expressions (i.e., no facial-muscle movement). Although researchers have investigated how facial muscle movements, in the form of facial expressions, correlate with social impressions, few studies have specifically examined how head movements might play a role. Witkower and Tracy designed a series of studies to investigate whether the angle of head position might influence social perception, even when facial features remain neutral. In one online study with 101 participants, the researchers generated variations of avatars with neutral facial expressions and one of three head positions: tilted upward 10 degrees, neutral (0 degrees), or tilted downward 10 degrees. Ultimately, Witkower and Tracy note, these findings could have practical implications for our everyday social interactions: “Peopleoften display certain movements or expressions during their everydayinteractions, such as a friendly smile or wave, as a way tocommunicate information. Our research suggests that we may alsowant to consider how we hold their head during these interactions, assubtle head movements can dramatically change the meaning of otherwiseinnocuous facial expressions.” “In other words, tilting the head downward can have the same effect on social perceptions as does lowering one’s eyebrows—a movement made by the corrugator muscle, known as Action Unit 4 in the Facial Action Coding System—but without any actual facial movement,” say Witkower and Tracy. “Head tilt is thus an ‘action unit imposter’ in that it creates the illusory appearance of a facial muscle movement where none in fact exists.” The results showed that participants rated the avatars with downward head tilt as more dominant than those with neutral or upward-titled heads. “We show that tilting one’s head downward systematically changes the way the face is perceived, such that a neutral face—a face with no muscle movement or facial expression—appears to be more dominant when the head is tilted down,” explain researchers Zachary Witkower and Jessica Tracy of the University of British Columbia. “This effect is caused by the fact that tilting one’s head downward leads to the artificial appearance of lowered and V-shaped eyebrows—which in turn elicit perceptions of aggression, intimidation, and dominance.” The participants judged the dominance of each avatar image, rating their agreement with statements including “This person would enjoy having control over others” and “This person would be willing to use aggressive tactics to get their way.” All data have been made publiclyavailable and the studieswere preregistered at the Open Science Framework. This article hasreceived the badges for OpenData and Preregistration. “These findings suggest that ‘neutral’ faces can still be quite communicative,” Witkower and Tracy add. “Subtle shifts of the head can have profound effects on social perception, partly because they can have large effects on the appearance of the face.” A second online study, in which 570 participants rated images of actual people, showed the same pattern of results. We often look to people’s faces for signs of how they’re thinking or feeling, trying to gauge whether their eyes are narrowed or widened, whether the mouth is turned up or down. But findings published in the June 2019 issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, show that facial features aren’t the only source of this information—we also draw social inferences from the head itself. Given these intriguing results, the researchers are continuing to investigate the influence of head tilt on social perception, exploring whether the effects might extend beyond perceptions of dominance to how we interpret facial expressions of emotion.last_img read more

Depressed parents can turn kids into troublemakers

first_imgAccording to researchers, parental depression contributes to greater brain activity in areas linked to risk taking in adolescent children, leading to more rule-breaking behaviours.“This is the first evidence to show that parental depression influences children’s behaviour through the change in the adolescent’s brain,” said lead study author Yang Qu from University Of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. There are a lot of changes happening in the teenage years, especially when we are thinking about risk-taking behaviours, added another researcher Eva Telzer. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The study, published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, analysed 23 adolescents aged 15 to 17, with cognitive testing and brain imaging at the beginning and end of the 18-month study. To measure parental depression, the team collected data from the parents on their own depressive symptoms and who were not currently being treated for clinical depression. The findings indicated that adolescents, whose parents had greater depressive symptoms, increased their risk-taking over the course of the study.last_img read more

Prez receives first copies of two books on Rabindranath Tagore

first_imgPranab Mukherjee, the President of India, inaugurated the event and received the first copy of the books ‘Tagore’s Vision of the Contemporary World’ and ‘Tagore and Russia’. The books have been edited by Prof Indra Nath Choudhuri and Dr Reba Som respectively.President Pranab Mukherjee, expressed gratitude for the gracious patronage, guidance and support. The President said that Tagore’s idea of global harmony, co-existence and co-operation of individuals and civilizations is best expressed in his own words. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ He added, “Considering Tagore’s special contact with Russia, I thank ICCR for organising the International Seminar to unfold and reassess his perception of Communist Russia.” The first book, ‘Tagore’s Vision of the Contemporary World’ focuses on the world view Tagore had, where ‘knowledge is free’ and ‘where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way in the dreary desert sand of dead habit’ and also to discover, as Tagore had said, ‘the most profound unity, the spiritual unity between the races’. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix They had celebrated the anniversary of Tagore with events around the world and seven major conferences in Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand, Russia, Vietnam, Hungary and India.The second book ‘Tagore and Russia’ is about Tagore’s special love for the said country and Russia’s influence on his writings and poems. The purpose behind publishing the book ‘Tagore and Russia’, which is a compilation of the seminar papers is to give impetus to those aspects of Tagore’s study, which throws light on India’s relation with Russia and perception about other civilizations of the world.”last_img read more

Hills celebrate Durga Puja steeped in tradition

first_imgDarjeeling: While there are complaints of tradition being diluted amidst the glamour and glitter of the big budget Durga Pujas, the 104-year-old Durga Puja organised at Nripendra Narayan Bengali Hindu Hall (NNBHH) in the Queen of Hills still clings on to the charm of the yesteryears.There is no theme in the Puja nor the dazzling lights but the true essence of the festival has been handed over through the generations and is still preserved with fervour. It has the “Probashi pujo” flavour of course. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe NNBHH has a rich history and was built during the British Raj, located in Chandmari, the then Indian portion of the town below the Market Square in Darjeeling. From 1914, the Durga Puja started in the temple, hosted by the local Bengali populace.Famous names like Swami Vivekananda, Deshbandhu Chittaranjan, Sister Nivedita, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Acharya J C Bose and great revolutionary Bagha-Jatin had all paid visits to this hall. It is said that even K L Saigal, the legendary singer, had once offered pushpanjali during the Durga Puja. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedFrom pushpanjali to bhog and aarti, everything is steeped in tradition — preserved religiously through the ages. No pandal is erected for the Puja and the idol is placed at the main altar of the temple belonging to the NNBHH.During the days of the British Raj, the idol used to be brought in from Krishnanagar by train to Siliguri. From Siliguri, it used to be brought to Darjeeling by the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, having two engines, one in the front and the other in the rear. From the early 50s, the image is being brought from Siliguri. The style of the image has been kept the same as in the earlier days, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesh and Kartik are all part of a single structure known as the ekchala thakur with daker saaj.In the old days, plays used to be staged throughout the night. The ladies were not supposed to come out in the open. A special ladies’ gallery had been constructed for them with a net in front. The ladies, with long drawn “ghomtas” used to watch the plays from here.Hurried plays and cultural programmes are still being staged after the sandhya aarti. However, with each passing year, this too is becoming a next to impossible task with the thinning Bengali population.”This is one of the oldest Pujas of North Bengal, however, year after year it is becoming a herculean task to organise and maintain the standards owing to manpower shortage. But we try our best with whatever resources and manpower is available,” stated Sadhan Mitra, the organiser.In Kurseong, the Puja organised by Rajrajeshwari Bengali Association has a rich history in the backdrop. Rai Bahadur Sashi Bhusan Dey had started a tuberculosis sanatorium at Kurseong, in the memory of his late son who died from this disease.The most famous Durga Puja in Kalimpong is organised by Kalimpong Milani Club founded in 1929.last_img read more

Leopard scare grips students of Lilabati College in Alipurduar

first_imgDarjeeling: Lilabati College in Alipurduar has been gripped by the fear of a leopard after the campus CCTV camera captured a similar animal wandering around the premises of the college.Locals also claimed of a similar sighting in the college vicinity. Lilabati College is located in Jateshwar at Falakata block around 50 km away from Alipurduar Sadar. On Thursday morning, Hriday Sarkar, an ex-serviceman had gone out for his regular morning walk when he saw the leopard like animal in the vicinity of the college. He immediately informed the college authorities. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”While going through the footages of the CCTV camera, we saw a leopard like animal wandering at the premises. We immediately informed the Forest department,” stated Narayan Chandra Vasunia, principal of the college. A team from the Dalgaon range arrived and a through search for more than three hours failed to trace the leopard. In order to drive the animal out in the open, firecrackers were also burst. “We have seen the CCTV camera footage. The animal could be a wild cat or even a leopard. We have conducted a thorough search. There is no wild animal on the campus” declared Rajib Dey, Range Officer, Dalgaon Range. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIncidentally, the Alipurduar district with large stretches of forest is highly vulnerable to wild animals straying into human habitat. Leopards usually choose tea bushes in the tea gardens to give birth. On Wednesday, a 5-year-old was killed by a leopard in Dhumchipara Tea Estate in Alipurduar. The infant, Eden Oraon was playing with his elder sister in the front porch of his house located in the tea garden. A leopard suddenly sprang out and dragged Eden into the bushes by his neck. After half an hour of frantic search, Eden’s lifeless body was found from inside the tea bushes. The five-year-old was declared brought dead by the doctors of Madarihaat Primary health Centre. An ex-gratia of Rs 4 lakh has been announced by Forest minister Binay Krishna Barman. “Recently, incidents of leopards straying into human habitats are becoming very regular in these area,” stated Kumar Bimal, DFO, Jaldapara.last_img read more

Decoded How lifting heavy weights boosts muscle strength

first_imgLifting heavy weights may help you enhance your muscle strength more than light weight training because the nervous system facilitates improvements in strength during high-load training, researchers suggests. The study aimed to find out how the brain and motor neurons – cells that send electrical signals to muscle – adapt to high versus low-load weight training.The findings showed that despite similar increases in muscle thickness, high-load training may be superior for enhancing muscle strength than low-load training. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe nervous system activates more of the motor neurons – or excites them more frequently – when subjected to high-load training. This increased excitation could account for the greater strength gains despite comparable growth in muscle mass, the researchers said.”If you’re trying to increase strength – whether you’re a gym rat or an athlete – training with high loads is going to result in greater strength adaptations,” said Nathaniel Jenkins, assistant professor at the Oklahoma State University. For the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Physiology, the team randomly assigned 26 men to train for six weeks on a leg-extension machine loaded with either 80 or 30 per cent of the maximum weight they could lift. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe results showed a similar growth in muscle between the two groups but a larger strength increase – roughly 10 pounds’ worth – was found in the high-load group.Although, low-load training remains a viable option for those looking to simply build mass or avoid putting extreme stress on joints, still, when it comes to building strength – especially amid a busy schedule – heavier is better, Jenkins maintained. “High-load training is more efficient” and “it’s more time-efficient. We’re seeing greater strength adaptations. And now we’re seeing greater neural adaptations,” Jenkins added.last_img read more

Try the trendiest winter boots

first_imgWinter isn’t exactly the easiest season for dressing. The endless layering and styling possibilities that comes with the winter chill is as much fun and accessorizing your outfit with boots is the most classy one. So opt for the trendiest footwears. Experts list some trends in boots: Over-the-knee-boot: Over-the-knee winter boots have been a popular choice for the last couple of years and rightly so. But, it’s how you style them that changes your entire winter look. Instead of opting for the done and dusted �short skirts and dresses that meet the boots’ look, go for velvety mid-length skirts and ankle-sweeping coats to give a layered effect. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAnimal print: Whether in leopard, zebra or snake form, animal prints are set to be one of the top trends for fall. Keep in mind that animal prints basically qualify as neutrals, so the styling possibilities of these shoes are endless. You can work them into an earthy sweater and cropped jeans look or team with a maxi dress and jean-jacket combo. And they will pretty much complement any coat colour as you step afoot this winter. Classy black boot: It goes without saying that once the temperature drops, a pair of black winter boots are a necessary wardrobe investment. When choosing a pair of black winter boots, imagine yourself wearing them every day for a week with a different outfit. A classic pair of black boots in high or low ankle can rock most of your wardrobe and will instantly elevate any look. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveChelsea boots: A pair of Chelsea boots is a must-have for every guy. Not only a pair of Chelsea boots provides the proper warmth in winters but also offers better comfort and grip than other boots. These boots are versatile and can be paired with an endless array of outfits from a tailored classic suit to casual jeans and T-shirt. Brogue boots: These are easily recognized by its patterned hole punch detailing. They are very stylish to wear and give a different dimension to your look. They can be worn with dark coloured chinos and denim for the casual look.last_img read more

The Walk of Shame scene in Game of Thrones was inspired by

first_imgThe historical position of royal mistress was a highly privileged arrangement but didn’t always offer security. As royal marriages were usually dictated by political alliances, it was not unknown for the king to take up a lover, or in fact several. But his royal mistress was more than someone who would sneak into his bedchamber after dark — she would generally be a well-born lady who needed to be skilled in diplomacy.They were sometimes referred to as “favorites,” a term also used for the close male confidants of the monarch, which reflects the influence that the king’s mistress could have over affairs of state. And, as with anyone close to the king, the security of holding power in court could disappear in an instant when he died.In fact, it could be a tricky post to navigate during his lifetime. Aside from having to maintain a good relationship with the king’s wife, some royal mistresses acted as advisors; were relied upon to entertain their king; and most often would end up in debt after paying for the clothes, staff, carriages, and suchlike that they were expected to have.Among the many royal mistresses in British history, the most famous is Elizabeth “Jane” Shore, dubbed “The Rose of London” for her renowned beauty.The Penance of Jane Shore by William Blake, c.1780.It was Shore’s story that inspired George R. R. Martin to write the chapter now widely-known as the “Walk of Shame.”To Game of Thrones fans, this is one of the most unforgettable episodes of the series. In it, Cersei Lannister, who had been imprisoned by the violent religious group The Sparrows, is “freed” — but before she can resume her life in the palace she is stripped nude, and paraded through the streets to be jeered and spat at. As she is surrounded by people shouting obscenities, Cersei hears “Shame! Shame! Shame!” intoned over and over.Walk of Shame. Photo by HBOIn an interview for Entertainment Weekly, Martin said that he was intrigued by the story of Jane Shore, who was punished with a similar walk after the king she loved died, and decided to implement that story in the book. “It was a punishment directed at women to break their pride and Cersei is defined by her pride,” he explains.Theatre poster for Jane Shore at Royal Princess Theatre, Edinburgh, December 14, 1885.Jane Shore’s walk of shame took place in 1483. She was born to a good standing family, who arranged her marriage to William Shore, a prosperous goldsmith. However, she did not hit it off with her husband and her plea for an annulment on the grounds of his impotency was finally granted in March 1479.Later that same year, she caught the eye of King Edward IV and soon became one of his numerous mistresses.Amazing transformation into Game of Thrones white walkerHowever, Jane Shore was more than a mistress to Edward. The “Rose of London” was a great beauty and it’s been said that the king was in love with her, calling her his “merriest harlot.” Unlike his other concubines, Edward IV maintained a romantic relationship with Jane until his death from pneumonia on April 9, 1483, aged 40.Detail of Ford Madox Brown’s painting of Chaucer reading to the court of King Edward III, depicting Alice Perrers and Edward III.Jane’s position in court immediately changed. She had been wise enough to form close relationships with Edward IV’s stepson, Thomas Grey, and his best friend, William Hastings, which afforded her some protection.Nevertheless, her allegiances did not save her from an attack by the late king’s brother, Richard III, who publicly condemned her as a “shameful and mischievous woman.” Richard was hated by many and generally considered to be an usurper to the throne following the disappearance and assumed murder of his nephews, aka the Princes in the Tower. Even Edward’s wife, the Queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, feared him and fled to Westminster Abbey to seek sanctuary.It didn’t take long before Richard came on the stage and plotted his villainous scenario. He accused Jane Shore of being a treacherous messenger who encouraged plots between Hastings and the Woodville’s.St Margaret Church in Westminster Abbey, London, England.Hastings was beheaded right after the accusations without any trial, while Jane’s punishment for conspiring against Richard III was an open penance in the streets of London. She was forced to walk through the city wearing only a kirtle (a long medieval petticoat) and holding a taper in her hands. She was ridiculed and jibed throughout, according to her biography, though no physical harm was done to her.Lena Headey. Photo by Denny Harrison CC BY 2.0After the public humiliation, Shore was sent to Ludgate Prison where she won the attentions of the king’s Solicitor General. He was so captivated by her beauty that he arranged to have her released and then married her and had a child with her.Related story from us: Game of Thrones’ Red Wedding is based on Scotland’s Black Dinner in 1440 and Glencoe Massacre of 1692Historical records lack information of how Jane Shore felt after her walk of shame. But the Game of Thrones actress Lena Headey, who plays Cersei Lannister, said that she found very difficult filming the scene, commenting: “I don’t think anyone deserves that treatment.”last_img read more

Scotty from Star Trek Took Part in DDay and was Shot 6

first_imgIn his lifetime, James Doohan fought with Klingons, Romulans, Greek gods, and a deep space probe named Nomad. He struggled with interstellar engines, transporters, tribbles and William Shatner, but all of these fights paled in comparison to what he endured during WWII.James “Jimmy” Doohan played the resourceful, hard-drinking and loyal “Scotty” on the original Star Trek series, a number of movies and reprised his role on Star Trek: The Next Generation. What many people outside the world of Star Trek fandom don’t know is that Doohan landed on the beaches of Normandy on June 6, 1944 — “D-Day”.James Doohan. Photo by C Thomas CC BY 2.0Doohan was Canadian, not Scottish, and his family came from Ireland. He was born in Vancouver in 1920 to Irish immigrants.Doohan’s father was a sort of medical jack of all trades – a dentist, veterinarian, and a pharmacist. He was also an alcoholic who made life very difficult for his family. When Jimmy was 19, he enlisted in the Canadian Army – just before the outbreak of WWII.Doohan (left) visiting NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center with pilot Bruce Peterson April 13, 1967 in front of the Northrop M2-F2.In 1940, Doohan had worked his way up to the rank of lieutenant and was in England with the 14th Field Artillery of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division.Initially tasked with helping in the defense of England should the Germans invade, his first taste of combat came some four years later when they 3rd Canadian landed at Juno Beach – the beach designated for the mass of Canadian troops.Canadian soldiers landing at Juno on the outskirts of Bernières.Juno Beach was the Canadians’ “Omaha.” Though less bloody than the American landing beach, Juno was no cakewalk, and Doohan’s unit faced the strength of two German battalions in their landing area.Making life more difficult was the mass of equipment that accompanied them, making movement in the water and sand exceedingly difficult going.The cruiser HMS Belfast bombarding Juno on D-Day.During the monumental day, James Doohan single-handedly took out two German snipers who were holding up the men of his company.Doohan’s unit, along with the majority of the Canadian forces that landed on Juno Beach that day, pushed inland and secured their first day’s objective.James Doohan.It seemed like D-Day had gone as well as could be expected for the future Chief Engineer of the Enterprise, but at around 11pm, as Doohan was making the rounds of his men, a nervous sentry opened fire, mistaking the lieutenant for a German.Jimmy was hit six times: once in his right hand (which took off his middle finger – look hard and you can spot the wound, but Doohan tried hard to hide it during his acting career), four times in the left knee and once in the chest.The Space Shuttle Enterprise rolls out of the Palmdale manufacturing facilities with Star Trek television cast and crew members. From left to right, the following are pictured: DeForest Kelley, who portrayed Dr. “Bones” McCoy on the series; George Takei (Mr. Sulu); James Doohan (Chief Engineer Montgomery “Scotty” Scott); Nichelle Nichols (Lt. Uhura); Leonard Nimoy (Mr. Spock); series creator Gene Roddenberry; NASA Deputy Administrator George Low; and, Walter Koenig (Ensign Pavel Chekov).Luckily, Doohan was a smoker – the metal cigarette case he kept in his breast pocket deflected the bullet, avoiding his heart. Later in life, Jimmy would joke that “Smoking had saved his life.” When he recovered from his wounds, he returned to the artillery, but this time he trained as an observation pilot, spotting German positions and directing/correcting Canadian artillery fire.Take a closer look with this video:The plane he flew was a Taylorcraft Auster – a slow moving, wooden and canvas plane that afforded its pilots little protection.Taylorcraft C/2, impressed by the RAF in September 1941. Photo by RuthAS CC BY 3.0Though Doohan was not in the Canadian Air Force, some dubbed him the “Craziest Pilot in the Canadian Air Force” because he often flew in a daredevil, haphazard way – most notably when he flew between two closely placed telephone poles, “just to prove that he could.”When WWII ended, Doohan returned to Canada and was listening to the radio during the holiday season of 1945-46 when he listened to “the worst drama he ever heard” on the local radio station. On a whim, he went down to the station and did a recording of his own.Los Angeles, USA – January 17, 2014: The handprints of the cast of the original Star Trek series in front of the famous Grauman’s Chinese Theatre on Hollywood Boulevard.Doohan had a knack for voices and accents. The station manager recommended that he enroll at a drama school in Toronto, and eventually he won a scholarship to attend the well-known Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City.From there, it was “onward and upward”…he got roles on Bonanza, Bewitched, and a number of roles for the stage and radio. In 1966, he auditioned for the role of the ship’s engineer.There is a long history of Scotsmen being engineers in the Royal Navy and in the cruise lines of the early 20th century, and Doohan told Gene Roddenberry (the series’ originator) that if his character was going to be an engineer, he should be Scottish. The rest is television history.Read another story from us: Golden Girl Bea Arthur was one of the First Female Marines to Serve in WWIIJames Doohan passed away in 2005. Fittingly, his ashes were taken into orbit and scattered in space.last_img read more

5 Classic Hollywood Myths Most People Still Believe are True

first_imgHollywood is a land of stories as well as myths. This applies behind the scenes, as well as in front of the camera. Despite the community’s reputation for fragile egos and extravagant behavior, the wildest stories exist in the minds of the audience! A small detail or throwaway remark can lead to entire legends being built up. Here are 5 cases of classic Hollywood myths that are still believed today…5. The Gerber IdentityWho was the original Gerber baby? This question over the face of America’s famous baby food brand still preoccupies people today. The original infant used in the illustration was chosen in the late 1920s. Gerber held an art contest and eventually accepted an angelic charcoal sketch by Dorothy Hope Smith.What’s it got to do with Tinseltown? According to a famous myth, the baby was none other than Humphrey Bogart. That would certainly give new meaning to his iconic Casablanca line “Here’s looking at you kid”!AdChoices广告inRead invented by TeadsGerber’s Baby Box Food. Photo by Doug Coldwell CC by 2.0This offbeat guess wasn’t the only speculation. Elizabeth Taylor and Jane Seymour were also rumored to be on the label. Gerber maintained the mystique behind the peas and carrots until 1978, when Ann Turner Cook was revealed as the baby. Back then she was the daughter of the artist’s neighbor, and she went on to become a teacher and novelist.Speaking to Oprah Winfrey in 2015, Cook said lifting the lid on her identity would have been “a little self-promoting. It’s not an achievement of mine, it’s the achievement of the artist is the way I look at it.”4. Three Men and a Ghost BoyTom Selleck, Ted Danson and Steve Guttenberg may have had mixed fortunes on the big screen. But 1987’s Three Men & A Baby was a smash hit for the trio. The film was directed by Star Trek’s Leonard Nimoy, and a certain scene seems to take the audience where no man has gone before.A mystery child behind some curtains got people’s imaginations racing and became one of the biggest Hollywood myths of the 80s. Was their New York apartment in the movie haunted by the ghost of a little boy? It was even suggested a child had passed away in the real life location, making his presence felt on celluloid.Selleck appeared on The Tonight Show in 2017, where he was asked about the myth by host Jimmy Fallon. Firstly the star pointed out they were on a soundstage, not on location. Secondly he wanted a cut from the resulting publicity: “I’m going to call Ted and Steve because I think we participated [financially] in the video sales,” he quipped.Tom Selleck in 2014. Photo by Dominic D CC by 2.0As for the identity of the mythical child? The answer is less flattering. It was actually a cardboard cut out of Ted Danson, whose egotistical character had them lying around the place.3. The Spielberg IntrusionIt’s common knowledge that Steven Spielberg was pro-active in getting his legendary career started. But did he behave like Catch Me If You Can con artist Frank Abagnale to get his break? A popular myth is that he embedded himself at Universal Studios as a teenage employee without them realizing.“I put on a suit and tie and sneaked past the guard at Universal,” Spielberg told the Hollywood Reporter in 1971. He added that he “found an empty bungalow, and set up an office. I then went to the main switchboard and introduced myself and gave them my extension so I could get calls.”Steven Spielberg in 1993. Photo by GianAngelo Pistoia CC by SA-3.0This enterprising feat simply isn’t borne out by the facts. Editor Chuck Silvers gave Spielberg an intern job fair and square. The future director of Hollywood mega hits had a reputation for sneaking onto sets but that’s about as far as it went. Spielberg himself seemed to be the main source of these mischievous anecdotes…2. Eaton’s ExitOne of the most memorable ends in the James Bond franchise was that of Shirley Eaton’s character Jill Masterson. She was infamously offed with a coating of paint in 1964’s Goldfinger. Apparently if the body’s pores are completely covered a person will die of asphyxiation.An imaginative explanation, and the makings of a powerful myth. However this plot point was Hollywood hokum. Smithsonian Magazine went on a mission to discover the truth in 2014. “Bond was a much better agent than a scientist,” they observed. “We breathe through our noses and mouths, not our skin (though clogging the pores for an extended period can cause heatstroke).”Replica of Shirley Eaton covered in gold in Goldfinger. Photo by Steven Lek CC by SA-4.0It just wouldn’t have been the same had Sean Connery said, “She died of heatstroke” rather than “skin suffocation”. The myth went on to include Eaton’s demise on set, though thankfully this was pure fiction!2008’s Quantum Of Solace paid tribute by “drowning” Gemma Arterton’s Strawberry Fields in crude oil.1. Amityville AccuracyOne of the most chilling details about The Amityville Horror is its roots in a true story. However is this one of the ultimate examples of a myth with a Tinseltown twist?A shocking event certainly took place there in 1974. But when it comes to the people who moved in afterwards and experienced terrifying events, the facts are less established. The book and movie franchise stemmed from a tome written by Jay Anson, based on the experiences of former householders the Lutzes. It mentioned strange smells, slime and disembodied voices among other details.The Amityville house (1973) Photo by BrownieCharles99 CC by SA-3.0Some are unconvinced. Biography.com wrote in 2017 that George and Kathy Lutz were reportedly “bogged down in legal and financial issues, which prompted skeptics to believe they had motive to create a fantastical story to sell to the public.”Lawyer William Weber – who defended Amityville suspect Ron DeFeo – claimed in 1979 that “the three of them came up with the horror story ‘over many bottles of wine’.”Related Article: Where the Stars Would Play – 5 Iconic and Historic Hollywood EstablishmentsThe truth is still up in the air. However the general view is that this was myth-making of the highest order. One that became a money-making hit in Hollywood – a place where myths prove very profitable indeed!last_img read more

The Cavs are on the verge of an organizational Armageddon scenario

first_imgGuests:Jerry West – New Clippers GM joins the show to discuss the superteam trend in the NBA; why agents dictating player destinations is bad for the NBA; why he doesn’t think Russell Westbrook wasn’t the reason KD left for Golden State; and why the Lakers moves won’t impact the Clippers decisions.Mark Medina – L.A. Daily News Lakers reporter is in-studio to break down the Lakers trading away D’Angelo Russell and Timofey Mozgov and if they could still make a move for Paul George.Frank Isola – New York Daily news Knicks beat writer joins the show to discuss Porzingis trade rumors; why Porzingis is the latest product of the New York hype machine; if Paul George is worth a rental; and LeBron’s future in Cleveland.Chris Broussard – FS1 NBA Insider joins the show to talk NBA draft; trade rumors; which deals get done first; and LeBron’s future in Cleveland. Paul George deserves credit for controlling his Indiana exitPaul George triggered a frenzy of trade speculation when news leaked that he informed the Pacers of his intention to leave the franchise in free agency. While George is public enemy #1 in Indianapolis for leaving the only team he’s played for in his NBA career, Colin thinks he should be commended for taking control of his situation.If a player is going to be hated for leaving, he might as well end up where he wants to go. George is driving the bus here. He deserves credit.“If you’re gonna be hated. Dictate your terms.” The Cavs are on the verge of an organizational Armageddon scenarioDan Gilbert threw the future of his franchise into question when he parted ways with GM David Griffin. LeBron tweeted his dissatisfaction with the move, and it now appears more likely than at any time since his return to Cleveland, that he could be headed for the exits.Reports from today say that prized offseason trade target Jimmy Butler was told by players in Cleveland to stay away. Colin sees this as LeBron forcing Gilbert to acquire Paul George, who LeBron sees as the only offseason addition that would help him beat the Warriors. Gilbert would prefer to acquire Butler because he would still be on the team if LeBron left. If Gilbert trades for George, he runs the risk of losing both he and James next year.Right now, Gilbert may not have a choice. If he doesn’t land either George or Butler, it will be the beginning of organizational Armageddon in Cleveland. It will all come crashing down, in a hurry.It does feel like you could have an Armageddon scenario in Cleveland in the next 48 hours.”last_img read more

VIDEO Dr J threw haymakers at Larry Bird while he was restrained

first_imgBarkley tried to explain his role in the melee during a recent Inside the NBA. He claimed he was trying to stop the fight, but the rest of the crew wasn’t buying it.Dr J vs Bird fight with Chuck holding Larry, the Dr was throwing bombs pic.twitter.com/6k2svqZ2Qp— Born Salty (@cjzero) April 29, 2018 Joel Embiid and Terry Rozier received double technicals for getting into it when Embiid tried to pry the ball away from Terry Rozier during a stoppage in play during Game 4 of the Philly/Boston series. The slapfest was feisty by today’s playoff standards, but it was nothing compared to a knock down, drag out brawl that broke out between the Celts and Sixers during an early season 1984 contest.It all started when Dr. J tossed Larry Bird to the floor after arm fighting in transition. Bird took exception and both he and Dr. J grabbed each other by the throat. Both benches spilled onto the floor in a good old fashioned 80’s battle royale that saw Dr. J throwing punches at Bird while he was restrained in a headlock by Charles Barkley and Moses Malone.Incredibly, no one was suspended from the brawl, which would probably warrant lifetime suspensions if it happened today in the era of social media. In subsequent interviews, both Bird and Erving said it is all water under the bridge and attribute it to two legendary competitors going at it.80’s NBA was something else. The Celtics eventually won the game, 130-119. Bird finished with 42.last_img read more